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The study assessed the effects of some pre-sowing seed treatments on seed germination and seedling growth rate of three varieties of Glycine max– TGX 1935-3F (variety 1), TGX 1448-2E (variety 2) and TGX 1951-3F (variety 3). The treatments included four different concentrations of sulphuric acid (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.6mole/dm3) termed T1, T2, T3 and T4 respectively, for five minutes and three hot water temperature variations (40, 60, and 800C) termed T5, T6 and T7 respectively, for twenty minutes....
Topics: Glycine max, Dormancy, Acid treatment, Hot water treatment, Cellular Phase Transition.
Phytochemical and vitamin contents of ripe, unripe as well as unripe mango (Mangifera indica) fruits subjected to different ripening methods (use of dark polybag, calcium carbide and hot water) were investigated. The Phytochemicals namely carotenoids, phenols, terpenes, alkaloids, tannins, saponins, phytosterols, flavonoids and glycosides were quantified. Natural ripening (control) increased carotenoids (6.53±0.02mg/100g to 11.46±0.04mg/100g), phenols (15.13±0.02 mg/100g to 25.27±0.02...
Topics: Phytochemical, vitamin, artificial ripening, mango fruits, unriped.
One way of achieving a sustained interest in vegetable production in a catchment area is to identify the most popular vegetable with high demand. The present study determined the Popular Indigenous leafy vegetables in the Tamale Metropolis in the Northern region of Ghana. A structured questionnaire was used to access the requisite data. The items were divided into sections. Most of the items were close-ended questions with few open-ended ones to make room for more different opinions. The...
Topics: Vegetable Production, Northern Region of Ghana.
The use of Plant Growth Regulating can be sourced from synthetic products and products made from natural or organic ingredients. This study aims to determine the effect of the use of various plant growth regulating (PGR) concentrations of sweet corn on the growth and production of Sweet Potatoes. The study was conducted in Wiringpalennae Sub-District, Tempe Subdistrict, Wajo Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia 2018. The method used was Randomized Block Design (RBD), consisting of four...
Topics: Growth, PGR Sweet Corn, Production, Sweet Potatoes.
The aim of present investigation was to examine the efficiency of three different sugarcane (Saccharumofficinarum L.) verities viz. NIA 1026-P7, NIA-87 and SG NIA-2476.A total of 20 explants (apical meristems) shoot tip were inoculated on MS Basal media along with various concentrations of 2, 4-D, BAP, Kinetin and IAA. The results of different verities showed that initial growth, number of micro shoots and shoot length was obtained in variety NIA-1026-P7, on MS medium supplemented with low...
Topics: Auxin, Cytokinin, In-vitro, Plant Growth hormones, Sugarcane.
Common bean cultivation is affected by drought up to 60% worldwide and makes the second for yield loss contribution after diseases. Despite the loss, it is estimated that over 75% of rural households in Tanzania depend on common bean for daily sustenance. The objective of the study was to evaluate the response of common bean genotypes in growth and yield characteristics under induced moisture stress in the field at Inyala Agriculture Training Institute in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania. In...
Topics: Common bean, drought, stress, yield components and yield
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Textile waste pollutants are the most polluting waste water and their treatment is greatly challenging for their safe discard. Microbial communities have potential ability to decolorize synthetic commercial dyes used for textile dyeing. Therefore, this study was aimed to develop potential dye degrading microbial biofilms from endophytic fungi and soil bacteria. Endophytic fungi were isolated from the leaves of Eleusine indica (Linn) and bacteria were isolated from soil samples obtained near...
Topics: Biofilms, Textile dyes, Bioremediation, Decolorization.
Land evaluation, characterization and classification of soil for the proposed oil palm plantation in Ekpri Ibami, Akamkpa Local Government Area, Nigeria was conducted on 50 ha of land using a combination of both conventional and digital survey methods. The objective of the research was to characterize, classify and evaluate the land for the proposed oil palm production. Three soil mapping units were identified (EKP I, EKP II and EKP III) and representative profile pits were dug in each mapping...
Topics: Land evaluation, characterization, classification, sustainable agriculture.
Mining is one of the basic sectors of Brazilian economy and it has contributed to the development of cities and small villages, since it is operated with social and environmental responsibility, based on the precepts of sustainable development. Much has been questioned about the social and environmental responsibility of mineral activity, raising questions about the impacts caused by the implementation of these projects. The present article aims to present the social and environmental reality...
Topics: Mining, Environmental patrimony, APA, Paleoambientes, Impacts.
This experimental study focused on the production of alternative feeds for broilers chickens using golden apple snail shell as the main ingredient. Three groups were compared and the characteristics of them are as follows: The commercial group was given pure commercial feeds, treatment one group (T1) was given 25% pomaceacanaliculata’s shell that was mixed with 37.5% of rice bran and 37.5% of corn, and the third group which was treatment (T2) was given 50% pomaceacanaliculata’s shell that...
Topics: Broiler chickens, consumption cost, feeds, re-engineering.
 This study is aimed at evaluating the effect of replacing maize with Fermented Mango Kernel Seed Meal(FMKSM) on meat quality of Japanese Quails . A total of two hundred and twenty five (225) one week old unsexed Japanese quails purchased from National Research Institute Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria were used in a six weeks study. The quails were equally allotted in to five treatment group of 45 birds per treatments. The control diet which contains 0% FMSKM and four other experimental diet in...
Topics: Japanese Quail, Coutonix Coutonix Japanica, Mango Kernel Meal.
 The objective of this research was to investigate the effects of biostimulan (PGPR) on root growth of seedlings and bulb yields of true seeds shallots (TSS). The research was conducted in the glasshouse in Tangtu village, Badung regency,Bali province of Indonesia, from April until October 2018. Complete randomized block design was used with 4 replications. Three kinds of biostimulants (B, C, D) and one control, and two TSS varieties (Sunren F1 and Tuktuk) were the treatments imposed. Results...
Topics: Biostimulants, bulbs, roots, true seed shallots.
 The use of biodiversity has not been done sustainably on the planet, especially in South America, which has caused irreversible environmental impacts. Geodiversity is an important component of the existing natural heritage, but it lacks studies that mainly exploit the characteristics of the landscape and its forms of conservation. In this way, the aim is to discuss the relevance of the sustainable use of natural resources of protected areas of the Brazilian semi-arid, especially of the...
Topics: Conservation, Brazilian semi-arid, Management, Protected areas.
With the broad aim of biologically improving P uptake by date palm, in this work we use the beneficial phosphorus solubilizing microorganisms like arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) characterized by a remarkable ability to solubilize phosphorus and tolerance to hard pedoclimatic conditions. For this study, a pot experiment was conducted under greenhouse condition to assess the effect of associations between mycorhizal fungus (Glomus mosseae) (M) with a...
Topics: Bacteria, date palm seedling, fungi, growth, inoculation, interaction.
This article contains a spatial review concerning the appointment of Cigudeg Village as a candidate of the capital city of Bogor Barat Regency. Bogor Barat Regency is one the regencies are being proposed to be a new regency in West Java Province. This research aimed to determine the feasibility of Cigudeg Village as the capital city candidate from the spatial accessibility point of view. The research begun by proposing other locations instead of Cigudeg Village as a comparison. The selection of...
Topics: Accessibility, Network Analyst, Cigudeg, Location-allocation, Google Maps, Grab.
 Honey is known to have many health benefits and hence had been used as natural medicine for ages. Literature suggests that bioactive agents can come from the secondary metabolites produced by the bacteria present in honey.Existenceof several bacteria has been reported in European and Australian honeys. Therefore, the aim of this study was to isolate and identify the bacteria present in honeysavailable in Bangladesh. Honey samples from seven types of natural flowers and six commercial kinds of...
Topics: Honey, Bacteria, Natural Products, Bangladesh.
Spiders belong to the order Araneae which is the largest order among the class Arachnida. Spiders are considered as indicators of overall species richness and the health of terrestrial communities. The village with different plantations harbors a good number of spiders. The survey was carried out from February 2018 to January 2019 by using active searching, beating, leaf sampling and net sweeping techniques. During the study, a total number of 51 species belonging to 42 genera of 16 families...
Topics: Araneidae, Malavagoppa Village, Spiders Diversity.
This study was carried out to assess the potential of crushed glass as a filter medium in high rate filtration. Waste glass collected from a glass manufacturing industry was crushed using hammer mill and sorted into different particle sizes (0.300 mm, 0.425 mm, 0.550 mm, 1.18 mm and 2.36 mm). The gravel layer was between 2.36 mm to 4.75 mm. The glass were arranged in layers and used as the filter bed for the water filtration process. The depth of each medium was set at 800 mm with a constant...
Topics: Crushed glass, high rate filtration, filter media, surface water and hammer mill.
The increasing industrial demand for the production of innovative functional food (lactose free products) as well as bio-compounds with nutritional value (such as carotenoids and other metabolites like ergosterol), that could find several applications in industrial food sector (Research and Development department) has increased interest regarding their potential production (employing applied biochemistry and biotechnology principles in their optimized production processes). Reduction of total...
Topics: cheese whey, applied biosciences, biotechnology, carotenoids, ergosterol, optimized processes,...
The study was carried out to determine the variation in soil properties within units and along a catena, significant of variation to soil mapping and soil management at kwambai, Takum, within latitude 7o5 N and longitude 9o5 D E to 10o 10oE .Taraba State. Soil sample were collected from upland, slope and lowland areas of the catena at the depth of 0-15cm and 15-30cm at 3 composite,18 samples were collected. Soil properties analyzed include pH, Total Acidity EC(dS/m), Ca(Meg/Kg), Mg(Meg/Kg,...
Topics: Catena, Variation, depth, Mapping, management, properties.
Tucanuçu (Ramphastostoco – Muller, 1776) is the largest Tucano birds and possess remarkable characteristics, such long orange beak and black spot on end, its black plumage, an area of bare orange skin around the eyes and blue eyelids, being a symbol of avian diversity found in South American ecosystems, whose anatomy and systemic description are little studied, fundamental process to understand biological system of this animal. Thus, this work aimed to perform an anatomical description of...
Topics: Circulatory System, Comparative Anatomy, Wild Animals and Birds.
Tomato is principally subjected to severe yield losses due to adverse effects of a number of factors particularly biotic factors (pathogens). The lacks of tomato genotypes resistance to diseases have increased both the financial cost and environmental impact of tomato production while reducing the yield and quality. Therefore developing tomato genotypes with multiple resistances to diseases is a desirable goal. However, the most effective strategy of controlling reduction in yield and quality...
Topics: Disease resistance, gene pyramiding, Tomato, Marker Assisted Selection (MAS).
Mackerel scad (Decapterusmacarellus) is one of the small pelagic fish that has important economic value and caught throughout the year around the waters of Ambon. Utilization of these fish is not only profitable economically but also can have a negative impact if not pay attention to aspects of sustainability. The purpose of this research is to know the distribution of long frequency and growth pattern. This research was conducted for six months (September 2016-February 2017) around Ambon...
Topics: Decapterusmacarellus, size distribution, growth pattern, Ambon Waters.
This study centered on biogas production from locally available animal and kitchen wastes: horse dung (HD), plantain peel (PP) and egg shell (ES) using five 32-Litres metallic prototype digesters. The anaerobic digestion was in the ratio of 3:1 of water to waste for all the samples as follows: Sample A was 100%HD, Sample B; 100% PP, Sample C; 100% ES, Sample D; 50%HD+50%PP and Sample E; 60% HD+30% ES+10% PP. The retention time was 30 days. Parameters like pH, daily biogas production, ambient...
Topics: Anareobic, Co-Digestion, Horse Dung, Plantain Peel, Egg Shell, Climatic Conditions.
A custom response design study on the biogas production from blends of Palm oil sludge (POS), Bambara nut (VignaSubterranea) chaff (BNC) and African wild mango (AWM) was carried out. The anaerobic digestion was in the ratio of 3:1 and 2:1 of water to waste depending on the nature of the substrates as follows: System A was 100%POS; B: 100%BNC, C: 100%AWM;D: 50%POS+50%BNC and E: 60% POS+20% BNC+20% AWM. The wastes were charged into 32L capacity metal prototype digesters in a batch for 30 days...
Topics: Batch, Biogas production, Palm Oil Sludge, Bambara Nut Chaff, African Wild Mango, Meteorological...
Objective: An investigation was carried out in the Afigya-Sekyere South District to determine the rate of early chick mortality in the first four weeks and the factors that may have caused this. Methods: Structured questionnaires and personal observations were used to obtain information from twenty-eight (28) farm managers. Results: The study revealed that mortality was higher in the first and second week with an average mean mortality of 11.39 and 6.43 respectively. According to the farm...
Topics: Early, Mortality, Diseases, Day-old chick, infection.
Sterilization of plant growing media was reported to have different effects on different crops. This research was aimed to examine the effects of autoclave sterilization of soil (sterilized vs non-sterilized) on root colonization by indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), growth and yield of various genotypes of promising lines of black rice in pot culture. The pot culture experiment was conducted in a glasshouse by arranging the treatments in a factorial Completely Randomized Design...
Topics: arbuscular, black rice, mycorrhiza, soil sterilization
Vermifiltration was used for the treatment of restaurant effluents in Benue state. Four vermi-bio-filters were used; V1 (Lumbricusterritris), V2 (Eudriluseugeniae), V3 (Eiseniafetida), V4 (mixture of Lumbricusterritris, Eudriluseugeniae and Eiseniafetida) and V5 (Control without earthworm-geofilter). The effluent from vermifilters and control were analysed for microbial load. The Earthworms’ body worked as a ‘biofilter’ and as a bioreactor with the mechanism of ‘ingestion’ and...
Topics: Environment, Effluent, Microbial load, Treatment, Re-use, Vermifiltration.
Senescence is a key process determining the life interval of several cut flowers and sugars added to the nutrient are known to increase vase life in several flowers, very little is known about endogenous variations in glucopyranosyl levels in several floral tissues, predominantly beyond petals, during natural flower development. In present study, we had evaluated the glucopyranosyl efficiency at different concentrations and different time intervals. We had found that the efficiency of...
Topics: Senescence, Glucopyranosyl, Petals, Cells, Competency, Sucrose.
The presence of organic micropollutants on residual water used for irrigation is common in development countries, and their human impacts and the ecological consequences are still completely unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the main mechanisms involved during removal of three organic compounds (carbamazepine, ibuporfen, and 4-nonylphenol), and three usually pathogenic organisms (Escherichia coli, Giardia lamblia and Ascaris lumbricoides) contained in untreated wastewater dumped...
Topics: Endocrine disrupting chemicals, pharmaceuticals, removal mechanisms, soil, unintentional wastewater...
The use of mobile phones as means of communication between the extension agents and local farmers in Edo South was examined to determine the perception of the extension agents on its effectiveness. Fifty-one (51) respondents were obtained through random sampling using questionnaires to obtain relevant information in the two local government areas; Ovia North East and Ovia South West selected for the study. The result obtained indicated that male extension agents were in majority (72.5%), 54.9%...
Topics: Perception, Communication, Mobile phone, Short Message Service.
The present study was conducted to determine the regeneration potential and producing mass-clonal production of wheat through embryogenesis. A total of 60 selected wheat seeds were surface sterilized and inoculated on different culture bottles under controlled condition. The seeds were emerged in MS basal media and later supplemented with different concentrations of BAP (Benzyl-amino purine) and IAA (Indole-acetic acid). The Observation on servile rate, regeneration capability, length of...
Topics: Wheat, Tissue Culture, BAP, IAA, explants, Media.
The study aimed at determining the potential, characterization and utilization of super-intensive shrimp pond solid waste as a raw material for organic fertilizer, and its application in fisheries and agriculture. It was conducted at Experimental Pond Installation, Research Institute for Coastal Aquaculture and Fisheries Extension located in Punaga Village in South Sulawesi. The research involved 3 of 1,000 m2 concrete ponds for 105 rearing period days and entailed the stocking density of...
Topics: solid waste, organic fertilizer, super intensive, pond.
Sweet cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is one of the most important vegetable crops grown extensively throughout the world especially in the temperate countries. Poor fruit-set was believed to be one of the major barriers to the tropical adaptation of sweet cucumber. Nitrobenzene is a combination of nitrogen and plant growth regulators, extracted from sea weeds that act as plant energizer, flowering stimulant and yield booster in crop production. The objectives of the present study were to examine...
Topics: Sweet cucumber, Nitrobenzene concentrations, Flowering, Fruit setting, Poly tunnel.
In Sumatra, cocoa has been cultivated by small holders in diverse agroforestry systems. But recently, companion shade trees are being removed in hopes of reaching higher cocoa yield. This study tests a hypothesis, that high cocoa productivity is compatible with shade and diversity if farmers apply good cocoa management. The study was conducted throughout 2018 in Sontang village, Pasaman district, West Sumatra. We aimed to compare cocoa yield, tree diversity, and ethnobotanical value in 3 shade...
Topics: Cocoa, Agroforestry System.
Cotton in Eswatini contributes 2.1 % of the country’s Gross Domestic Product owing to low cotton yield due to high pest pressure. Eswatini farmers grow Alba QM 301 a conventional non Bt variety which is affected by bollworm. Cotton is no longer profitable and farmers are quitting the industry, yet it is the only source of livelihood in drought prone areas of Eswatini. Countries like India and South Africa have replaced conventional cotton with high yielding Bt or genetically modified...
Topics: Bt cotton, rain fed conditions, seed cotton.
The purpose of this study was to analysis and identify the impacts of striped snakehead (Channa striata Bloch) fish farming in net cages on socio economic and environmental aspects. This study was a survey research. Location determination in Bangkau Village, Hulu Sungai Selatan Regency, South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia was done purposively because this area was a center for cultivating striped snakeheads in Hulu Sungai Selatan Regency. The collection of respondent data in this village was...
Topics: Striped Snakehead, Net Cages, Social Economic and Environmental Effect.
Scarabaeinae dung beetles are a ubiquitous group of beetles that are detritivores and provides important ecological services to the ecosystem. They are biological indicators and their community structure is affected by physical and biotic characteristics of the environment. Rainfall is an important parameter that affects these beetles. Rainfall seasonality of dung beetles in an agriculture habitat in South Western Ghats was studied. Cow dung baited pitfall traps were used to trap dung beetles...
Topics: Scarabaeinae, agriculture habitat, rainfall seasonality, summer, southwest monsoon, northeast...
The study investigated the level of access and utilization of traditional medicine for treatment of malaria among rural households in Abia State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study described socioeconomic characteristics of the respondents; ascertained the level of access to traditional medicine; ascertained the extent of utilization of traditional medicine and determined factors influencing access and utilization of traditional medicine in the study area. Data for the study were collected from...
Topics: Access, Traditional Medicine and Rural Farmers.
The study investigated the level of utilization of traditional medicine for treatment of malaria among rural households in Abia State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study described socio -economic characteristics of the respondents; ascertain the extent of utilization of traditional medicine among the respondents and determine the factors influencing level of usage of traditional medicine in the area. Data for the study were collected from (180) respondents using structured questionnaire and...
Topics: Utilization, Traditional Medicine and Rural Farmers.
In an effort to develop livestock in a region in a developing country, it is necessary to analyze the potential of the area and density of livestock for the development of livestock business in a development area. This study aims to determine the potential of the region regarding cattle livestock density consisting of: economic density, farming density and regional density for the development of beef cattle farming in coconut plantations in South Minahasa Regency. The method used to carry out...
Topics: cattle density, coconut land, farming.
Natural decay of pollutants is rarely consider in mass transport equation. This paper develops a mathematical model of a filter based on iron oxide coated sand for the removal of chromium in groundwater and surface water. The natural decay of chromium was analyzed using a zero order decay reaction. The advection dispersion equation for this purpose is solved analytically using the Laplace transform method and numerically by the Fourth order Runge kutta method to determine the spatio-temporal...
Topics: Filter, Sand, Iron oxide, Chromium, Adsorption, advection-dispersion, Laplace.
 In many countries around the world, including Nigeria, access to potable water has become a mirage. Thus, exploitation of groundwater through the construction of hand-dug wells has become a major source of drinking water for majority of the populace. The need to assess the quality of water from this source has become imperative because of the health impacts on individuals. The physico-chemical characteristics of water from 166 hand-dug wells in Wadata area of Makurdi metropolis, Nigeria, were...
Topics: Environment, Hand-dung wells, Health, Physicochemical properties Water quality.
The vegetation growing close to the railway tracks are usually exposed to various types of toxic pollutant discharged from the locomotive diesel engines. In present studies, the seedling growth performance of Acacia nilotica responded differently in soils of Cantonment Station, Drighroad Junction, Malir Station and Landhi Junction as compared to Karachi University Campus (Control) soil. The seedling growth of A. nilotica (Linn.) Delile gradually increased in soil of Drighroad Junction, Malir...
Topics: dry weight, kikar, locomotive railway diesel engine, root, seedling growth, tolerance.
Nickle pollution is worldwide problem due to industrial and anthropogenic activities. Seedlings of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) were treated to different (NiSO4.6H2O) concentrations as 0.0 mM, 0.6 mM, 1.2 mM, 1.8mM and 2.4 mM salt into distilled water. The seedlings of V. unguiculta became less tolerable to nickel at higher concentration 2.4 mM as compared to control treatment. Nickel in trace amount is required for plant growth. In present study, the high level of nickel concentration 1.8 and...
Topics: Cowpea, nickel, photosynthesis pigments, root, seedling growth.
An experiment was conducted to assess the advance spring wheat mutant lines for some quantitative traits in ten genotypes of wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) evolved through mutation breeding techniques along with two check varieties (NIA- Sunahri and Kiran-95). The experimental trial was conducted in the field of Plant Genetics Division, Nuclear Institute of Agriculture (NIA), Tandojam, during Rabi season 2011-2012. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three...
Topics: Wheat, correlation, mutation breeding, agronomic traits.
Bushmeat is regularly sold and be consumed in Kisangani. The copulated data show not only very high occurrences but also species composition changes year after year, few of them remain constant in the market. This implies that monitoring activities must be developed in this sector. Kisangani region is experiencing an erosion of its biodiversity due to the bushmeat trade. A significant proportion of the specimens of meat marketed is protected species near 8.44%. Colobuses, water snakes and...
Topics: Bushmeattrade, species constancy, species abundance, status of exploited species, Kisangani.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Mar 21, 2019
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Traffic contributes to a range of gaseous air pollutants and to suspended particulate matter (PM) of different sizes and composition. The effects on health of transport related air pollution are among the leading concerns. Research in recent decades consistently indicates the adverse effects of outdoor air pollution on human health.
Topics: Road Transport, PM, IARC.
In this study, we investigated the lipolytic activity of different bacteria strains isolated from different cooking oil contaminated soils.This was with a view to finding the isolate with the highest lipase-producing potential.A total of 70 bacteria strainswere isolated from the soil samples and the morphological examination of each isolate was done and characterized. 20 bacterial isolates were screened for lipase activity using chromogenic composed medium and the lipase producing...
Topics: Lipase, Isolate, Pseudomonas, cooking oil, contaminated soil.
Introduction: Water is one of the important natural sources for all living organisms. It is one of the ecological systems. It’s the essential source for human health, food production and economic development. The quality of water is important is an important parameter to be noted. The quality of water is affected by various contaminants. The consumption of contaminated water may cause serious health problems due to the activity of microorganism present in it .Due to the activity of...
Topics: Biochemical aspects, Ecological system, habitat, physicochemical studies.
A sample of 93 stakeholders was surveyed and monitored to analyze the socio-economic and organizational aspects of the marketing of crop residues used in animal feed in the city of Niamey. It emerges from this study that almost all the actors are male. More than 45% of actors are between 40 and 60 years old. The Hausa ethnic group is the majority of wholesalers / semi-wholesalers (54.5%). Those of the Zarma ethnic group are more numerous at the level of sellers / resellers (92.7%), while those...
Topics: Cultivated residues, breeding, sale, Niamey, Niger.
This research focuses on the identification of key indicators of climate change impacting the cereal crop yields for fourteen countries across the world employing the principal component analysis (PCA) and the linear scoring technique using the World Bank Data for the period 1961 to 2013 for all indicators for all the countries. The Climate Change Crop Performance Indices (CCCPIs) are generated for each country for the first time using both the climatological and socio-economic indicators....
Topics: climate change, crop performance, principal component analysis, temperature, rainfall, CO2...
Many consumers have adopted the food of dietary supplements. However, since the threshold of professional knowledge for dietary supplements is usually high, most of the consumers do not possess sufficient knowledge for making an appropriate purchase decisions as they concern buying the products of dietary supplements. As a result, many consumers rely on word-of-mouth as they need to make purchase decisions on buying dietary supplements. It causes health risk to consumers since the word-of-mouth...
Topics: word-of-mouth, product knowledge, information search, risk perception, food safety.
Variable oxidation states of vanadium and strong binding ability of doxycycline have been exploited to synthesize three new oxovanadium complexes of doxycycline. The structures of the new complexes were validated by elemental analysis (C, H, N) and FTIR spectroscopy. The ratio of oxovanadium to doxycycline is 1:3 in all the three complexes. Doxycyclinecoordinates tothe first and second vanadium using phenolic oxygen and nitrogen atoms at ring A as well as the amide and keto oxygen atoms of ring...
Topics: doxycycline, iron(III), diimine, antibacterial, DNA Binding, antiplasmodial.
The use of biochar and biocompost can be one solution to the addition of organic matter in soybean cultivation. This study aims to obtain a good description of the role of biochar and biocompost on growth, yield, and N uptake. The results of the study show that: (1) Application of biochar in soybean plants affects plant height, number of vacuous pods, number of pods containing, weight 100 seeds, and N uptake compared with no biochar application. (2) Biocompost application has a significant...
Topics: Biochar, Biocompost, and Soybeans.
The recent out-break of cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis (Tinsley) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on many crops belong to different families making a real worry for both farmers and research scientists. The objective of this study was to determine total life cycle of the cotton mealybug from the first instar to the death of adult. The study focused on the biology of P. solenopsis (Tinsley) on tomato and eggplant under laboratory conditions at the Entomology Section, Agriculture Research...
Topics: Biology of cotton mealybug, Eggplant, Phenacoccus solenopsis (Tinsley), Tomato.
The presence of humic substances in biostimulants composition affect positively plantgrowth by the improvement of the cation exchange capacity of the soils (CEC) and also by theformation of water soluble complexes with ions which can be uptaken by roots. Biostimulantsimprove plant growth due to the cytokinin and humic acids present in their composition. Over theyears the use of these products has been increasing and it is necessary to conduct more studies toevaluate their efficiency in...
Topics: nutrients, biostimulants, yield.
Several agro-industrial by products are utilized in the synthesis of enzymes and production of other value-added products. This experiment was designed to access the cellulase and hemicellulase enzyme activity of three fungi (Aspergillus niger, Trichoderma viride and Rhizopus oryzae) in mono and mixed culture submerged fermentation using rice mill feed as substrate. The cellulase enzyme complex (cellulase (carboxy methyl cellulase, filter paper activity, β-glucosidase activity) and...
Topics: cellulase, enzyme activity, fungi, hemicellulase, rice mill feed.
Zoonotic enteropathogenic bacteria of poultry origin is a source of concern to public health. Dependent on various factors, poultry birds may not necessarily fall prey to sub-clinical infections induced by zoonotic enteropathogenic bacteria. A preliminary study was carried out to determine antibacterial activity of dry ginger root (Zingerbain officinalle) extract on Salmonella sp and Escherichia coli isolated from the crop, ileum and caecum of two weeks broiler birds. The in-vitro antibacterial...
Topics: Antibiotics, Escherichia coli, Ginger root, in-vitro, Salmonella spp.
One of the major constraints limiting the development of plantain cultivation is the lack of planting material. In Côte d'Ivoire, to overcome this constraint, the FIRCA (Fond Interprofessionnel pour la Recherche et le Conseil Agricole / Interprofessional Fund for Research and Agricultural Advisory) has organized training workshops on PIF technique (Plants Derived from stem fragment). The objective of this study was to take stock of adoption of the PIF technique for seed production of plantain...
Topics: nurseryman, PIF, Plantain, substrate, vivoplants.
Onion (Allium cepa L.) is an important cash crop grown in Sri Lanka. Cluster onion cultivation in Sri Lanka is mainly grown using mother bulbs as planting material. With the introduction of true seed technology, the costs of planting material can be reduced. In general, when using seeds, the plants must be raised in a nursery for 28 days before they can be planted in a field. However, there is a gap in nursery techniques when using seeds and while expanding onion cultivations using true seed....
Topics: Cluster onion, Damping – off, Nursery trays, True seed cultivation.
A survey of entomopathogenic nematodes was conducted in different vegetations of Golaghat district of Assam. Soil samples were tested for the presence of steinernematid and heterorhabditid nematodes by baiting with Galleria mellonella larvae. Out of 100 soil samples studied only one was positive for entomopathogenic nematodes (1%), containing one Steinernema isolate. Morphological and morphometrical studies were undertaken to characterize the isolate. The Steinernema isolate was identified as...
Topics: Entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema species, biocontrol agent, morphological and morphometric...
Western Ghats in the Indian subcontinent is one of the world’s eight ‘hottest hotspots’ of biological diversity along with Sri Lanka. Land use changes in the Western Ghats caused by agricultural expansion and other anthropogenic activities have resulted in loss of forests and is a major threat to Western Ghats biodiversity. In the present study, Scarabaeinae dung beetles were used as biological indicators to study the effects of land use change on biodiversity in the South Western Ghats....
Topics: Scarabaeinae, dung beetles, land use, community attributes, biological indicator, South Western...
The self-managed cattle market in Bermo and Wurssena were surveyed during the months of August 2015 to July 2016, among actors in the livestock-meat sector, including butchers (wholesalers and retailers), collectors, conveyors, traders and intermediaries or witnesses to evaluate their contributions to communal pastoral entities. Livestock sales were higher in winter and post harvest periods. Revenues earned by livestock markets are reviewed. Thus, the communes registered respectively...
Topics: Livestock sale, Recipe, town, Employment, Livestock market.
The aim of this paper is to analyze the contributions of some tools developed with integrative approaches for managing water quality, considering the particular case of Cienfuegos Bay, Cuba. One of the contributions was related to the improvement of a hydrologic monitoring program of this bay with the assimilation of Environmental Totality and Integrated Watershed and Coastal Area Management (IWCAM) approaches. The development of an index for assessing water quality (WQI) of estuarine systems...
Topics: eutrophication, coastal management, integrative approaches, Cienfuegos Bay.
The practice of sustainable development is a reality present in various segments of society. In this sense, buildings must be ecologically correct, socially just, culturally accepted, and economically viable. Seeking sustainability, the use of non-conventional building materials is increasing, especially for works of social interest. The aim of the present work was to develop light SBR - based composites based on industrial waste from the footwear sector, aiming at the elaboration of...
Topics: industrial waste, thermal insulation, construction elements, sustainability, rural constructions.
The main objective of this work is to evaluate the relationship between the pest population, Parlatoria oleae (Colvee), through pest activity peaks in October/November; April and July on the yield loss of seedy Balady mango trees at Esna district, Luxor Governorate, Egypt through two seasons (2016/2017 and 2017/2018). Data revealed that the increment of population density caused gradual decrease of the yield of mango fruits, consequently increased the percentage of yield loss when the data of...
Topics: Parlatoria oleae, pest population, mango yield and reduction.
In the present study total two forest stand on different canopy cover (open canopy, moderate canopy and close canopy) were studied to assess the importance of these two parameters in supporting species regeneration and biodiversity in a P. roxburghii forest and mixed broadleaf forest between 1300 and 2000 m elevation in the Utrarakhand Himalaya. Tree species richness was high in mixed broadleaf forest compared to P. roxburghii forest. While, shrub and herb species richness was high in P....
Topics: Forest, canopy cover, richness and diversity.
This research investigates the Cow dung, Cow pats or Cow pies as a waste product of Cattle which constitute undigested residue of plant material and excreted by the animal as a waste. One dung cake made by hand of an average size gives 2100 kj of energy. The organic waste can be a source of renewable energy for rural areas especially in developing countries like Nigeria provided the material is subjected to anaerobic digestion to produce biogas as a means of waste disposal and alternative...
Topics: Biogas, methane, cow dung, bio-fertilizer, inoculum, carbondioxide, stove and sustainability.
 Numerous environmental factors can influence the viability of plants. Several studies have shown that acidic and basic pHs have a noticeable effect on different types of plants when grown directly in soils. However not too many studies have been done on hydroponically grown plants with respect to pH. This study was conducted at the Botany laboratory and Green house at Alabama A & M University with bush beans. Five nutrient solutions with pH values ranging from 5 - 9 were used....
Topics: Effect, hydroponically, pH, bush beans.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Weaning is an inherent husbandry practice in cow-calf beef production systems that impose physical, psychological, and nutritional stressors on calves. In order to characterize the main stressors and corresponding stress responses of calves, two weaning schemes were studied. One of conventional weaning (6 month calves) and another of early weaning (1 month calves). Blood samples were analyzed in an hematology analyzer, the plasma was separated and an analysis of total protein and of cortisol...
Topics: early weaning, cattle, cortisol, immune response, stress response.
This study was carried out at biology Lab, Biology Department, University College in ALKhafji, University of HAFR ALBATIN, to study the effect of MS salts strength, and sucrose concentration on micro propagation and phytochemical composition of Lepidium sativum Plant, using MS medium at five salt strength (1.0,1.5,2.0,2.5 and 3.0 mg\L) MS salt strength and sucrose at five concentration (30.0 g, 45.0 g, 60.0 g, 75.0 g and 90.0 g) \L. Ethanolic extracts and DPPH reagent were used to test the...
Topics: Antioxidant Activity, Phenolic contents, In vitro, Lepidium sativum, Micro propagation, MS media,...
The poultry industry produces large amounts of waste that include solid waste and wastewater. These waste if not properly disposed can be risky to the environment and humans through the spread of diseases and pollution of soil and groundwater. The investigation to determine poultry waste management practices and its effect on the environment and human health was carried out in Makurdi. Benue State. The study was conducted from October to December 2017. A structured questionnaire was...
Topics: Disposal, poultry waste, litter, poultry farms, Makurdi.
Aningeria robusta wood is fast becoming popular in Nigeria, due to its excellent performance in structural applications especially in roofing, and in recent times, door frames and furniture. Thus, consideration must be given to its mechanical properties, and fibres in wood is known for providing mechanical support for the wood. Notwithstanding, mechanical failure of wood in service still occurs. To limit such failures assessment is needed to be done on some parameters associated to quality of...
Topics: A.robusta wood, fibre, mechanical, physical, relationship.
A field experiment to evaluate the effect of poultry manure and N.P.K 15:15:15 fertilizer on the growth and yield of Nsukka yellow pepper (Capsicum annum) was conducted in the faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources Management Teaching and Research Farm Enugu State University of Science and Technology Enugu during the 2018 cropping season. The experiment was carried out using a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four (4) treatments replicated five (5) times. The result of the...
Topics: Nsukka yellow pepper (Capsicum annum), poultry manure, N.P.K 15:15:15: fertilizer, interaction...
This study aims to determine the best Picloram and BAP concentrations in InVitro patchouli callus formation. This experiment was conducted in November 2018 to January 2019 at the Tissue Culture Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University, Padang. This study used an experimental method with Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of two factors. The first factor was the administration of Picloram concentration with 5 levels of treatment and the second factor was the...
Topics: Patchouli (Pegestemon cablin Benth), Picloram, BAP, Tissue Culture.
The declining trend of Yellowfin Tuna Thunnus albacares production in Fishery Management Territory of Indonesia 714 nowadays will affect the demand for tuna products in Indonesia and global. Regarding the management purposes, the impact of fishing needs to be minimized. Therefore, the estimation of population structure based on the length and age is very important to be studied. The data were collected from November 2015 to October 2016 from longline and handline catching activities operated in...
Topics: Yellowfin Tuna, First Caught Length, Yield, Biomass, Banda Sea.
Two strains of rhizobacteria, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescens and two strains of endophytic fungi Trichoderma viride and Trichoderma asperellum were selected as inducers of systemic resistance against Phytophthora capsici and were tested individually for biological control of foot rot disease of pepper. Black pepper vines were grown under greenhouse and challenge inoculated with P. capsici were selected for analyzing the disease index, chitinase, peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia...
Topics: Endophytic fungi, Foot rot disease, Piper nigrum L., P. capsici, Rhizobacteria.
The study aimed to determine the production and growth of soybean on water hyacinth bokashi giving with two activators types. The study was conducted in Leweng Village, TakkalallaSubdistrict, Wajo District. The method used was Randomized Block Design (RBD), consisting of three (3) treatments, namely Bokashi (b0), Bokashi 2 tha-1 with Activator EM4 (b1), and Bokashi 2 tha-1 with Activator Tadabur (b2). Each treatment was repeated three times so that the number of treatment combinations was 9...
Topics: Bokashi, Water Hyacinth, EM4, Soybean, Tadabur.
 The cassava production is most carried out by smallholder farmers in the rural areas using low-level production techniques which have left them with production of cassava tubers without much value addition. Therefore cassava processors’ awareness of improved processing technologies in Oyo State was investigated. Simple random approach was employed through questionnaire and interviews to collect information from 176 Cassava processors. Descriptive and inferential statistics such as frequency...
Topics: Cassava processors, awareness, Improved processing technologies.
Cocoa industry in West Sumatra has high potential to increase the income of small farmers. However, cocoa production is still below production potential. The implementation of the cocoa field school program (SLK) is one of approaches to develop cocoa farm business. This field school is expected to improve the performance of smallholders’ cocoa farming, both in terms of production and quality. To assess the extent to which this field school has helped farmers to increase their capacity to...
Topics: production and quality, farmers field school, cocoa.
This paper covers production of food waste in Australia, including to find the best solution to address the food waste issue by collective understanding of what we mean by food waste and where it happens. Recognizing what we are starting at now do well can empower us to take in and use from prevailing exercises and moreover development. Moreover, the point of administration and recycling of food waste in header of biomass preparation can build soil fertility of wasteland in Australia. With the...
Topics: food waste, management, organic, environment, economic, natural resource management.
The aim of this study was to determine the concentration of 2,4-D growth regulator and the most effective BAP for the formation of callus for endemic patchouli plants in western markets, namely Akasesi Situak in vitro. The research has been carried out at the Andalas University Faculty of Agriculture Tissue Culture Laboratory, in September November 2018. The method used is Random Trap Design (RAL) with 2 treatment factors, namely 2,4-D (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2 mg). / l) and BAP (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5,...
Topics: Dwika Karima Wardani, Benni Satria, Reni Mayerni
The effect of culture filtrate of different bacterial isolates on egg hatching and juvenile mortality of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita race 2) was studied in vitro and the effective strains were selected. The per cent mortality and hatching inhibition was proportional to the concentration of culture filtrate and the duration of exposure period. Culture filtrate of all the isolates of bacteria significantly induced mortality and inhibition of egg hatching of M. incognita juveniles....
Topics: Rhizospheric bacteria, egg hatching, juvenile mortality, culture filtrate, duration of exposure...
Socio-economic information is needed in the formulation of responsible grouper management. This study aims to determine the socio-economic conditions of grouper fishermen in Bays of Kwandang. This research was conducted from January to July 2018. Primary data was collected through surveys and direct interviews with fishermen and fishermen figures.. The Collecting data using questionnaire assistance on 35 people respondents. Grouper fishermen in Bays of Kwandang were still in the category of...
Topics: Grouper fish, socio-economic, and bays of kwandang.
This research was compiled based on Factorial Randomized Group Design (RBD) consisting of 2 factors with 3 groups to obtain 36 experimental units. Each unit consists of 12 plants, 3 plants are taken as samples, so that 432 plants in total with 144 plants as samples. The first fator is the treatment of various types of mulch with 4 levels, namely A1 = no mulch, A2 = mulch rice husk, A3 = mulch banana stem and A4 = black silver plastic mulch. The second factor is the treatment of N, P and K...
Topics: Weed, SDR, Biomass Weed.
The experiment was conducted to evaluate the potential of SA-treatment in the control of Pod sucking bug of cowpea. The mean annual rainfall was within the range of 865-1250mm with mean annual temperature of about 22-38°C and relative humidity of 65-90mmHg. Four different cowpea varieties (IT97K-1069-6, IT98K-205-8, IT89KD-288 and Dan’ila) pre-hardened with Salicylic acid were established in various replicated field cages in completely randomized design. Five-pairs each of fresh pre-mated...
Topics: Cowpea, Flea beetle, Management, Phytochemicals, Salicylic acid.
This study was carried out in order to evaluate the effect of chitosan (1, 2 and 3gL-1) and chlorocholine chloride (5, 10 and 15mgL-1) on the minituberization of cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium). Results showed that both phytohormones reduced the growth cycle of cocoyam from 6 to 5months with the best results obtained at the concentrations 2gL-1 and 15mgL-1 for chitosan (CTH) and chlorocholine chloride (CCC) respectively. The average number of leaves was greater in CTH at 2gL-1 (3.80±1.40)...
Topics: chitosan, chlorocholine chloride, minitubers, minituberization, Xanthosoma sagittifolium.
The study aims to obtain variety with broad adaptations that are able to grow and produce optimal production on marginal fields of onion planting, which can improve farmers' welfare, reduce dependence on red onion imports, become exporters of onion to food sovereignty. The method that will be used is a Randomized Block Design (RBD) method consisting of five red onion variety as treatment, namely BimaBrebes, Tajuk, Bauji, Super Philip, and Local Enrekang variety. Each treatment was repeated...
Topics: Adaptation, Onion, Marginal, Growth, Production.
 This research was conducted from May to July 2018. Observation of vegetation was carried out in the ex-fire of Talang Mount area, while identification of vegetation was carried out in the Herbarium Biology Departmen, Faculty of Science and Mathematics Andalas University. The purpose of this study is to identify vegetation that grows after forest fire, to determine the effect of forest fire on the succession processes. Vegetation analysis in natural forest and post-combustion forest was...
Topics: Analysis of vegetation, natural forest, post-burnt forest.
The chemical composition, nature minerals, anti-nutrients, functional and physicochemical properties of Caesalpina bonduc and Monodara myristica seed flours were determined. The results for proximate compositions in the samples were for Caesalpinia bonduc flour were moisture (7.89%), Ash (2.96%), Crude protein (18.26%), Crude fibre (12.54%), fat content (23.59%) and Carbohydrate (34.76%) while for Monodora myristica flour were: moisture (5.05%), Ash content (2.81%), crude fibre (4.69%), crude...
Topics: chemical composition, functional properties, Caesalpina bonduc, Monodara myristica and seed flours.
The study was conducted to assess the water quality of the Sitalakkhya River, Narayangonj, Bangladesh and observe its temporal changes forthe physicochemical parameters of water from March to May, 2015. The present study showed that the color of water was deep black or black and emittedobnoxious smell. It was found in the study that the temperature, transparency, TDS, EC, pH, DO, alkalinity, hardness, NO3-, Cl- and BOD were ranged from 31.5-34.60C, 15.25-27.30 cm, 291-781 ppm, 558-2664 ppm,...
Topics: Sitalakkhya River, water quality, physicochemical parameter.
This study investigated the involvement in livestock farming as a mean of livelihood among rural dwellers in Egbeda Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was employed to sample 120 rural dwellers while 120 questionnaires were administered and retrieved. The data collected were subjected to descriptive (percentage, mean, mode, std deviation) and inferential (chi-square and correlation) statistics. The result revealed that majority (63.3%) of the respondent...
Topics: Involvement, rural dwellers, livestock.
 Low productivity of maize has led to low profitability of maize production in Nepal. Indiscriminate use of fertilizer and lack of site specific nutrient management technology is always been associated with low productivity of maize. Thus, field experiments on farmer’s field were conducted on maize to assess the profitability at two sites of Jhapa district viz. Damak and Gauradaha using Nutrient Expert® Maize model from November 2015 to May 2016. The experiment was laid out in single...
Topics: benefit cost ratio, grain yield, gross return, net return, nutrient expert.
In recent times, the skyrocketing vehicular population has been accompanied by a decreasing level of vehicle maintenance, aging of vehicle, and increasing inclusion of metal-based additives in fuel. Heavy metals have deleterious health implications ascribed to their propensity to displace the functional groups of enzyme thereby modifying physiological and biochemical processes within the body. With the aid of a plastic spatula, accumulated soot particles were scrapped and collected from the...
Topics: Heavy Metals, Petroleum Soot, Physiology, Vehicle Exhaust, Diesel and Gasoline.
Artificial Insemination (AI) is a technology developed with the aim of increasing production by increasing population in livestock and livestock genetic quality. AI services are currently carried out by relevant official officers who handle the field of animal husbandry. Satisfaction in the service of AI is the farmer evaluation after comparing the performance or the results he feels with his expectations. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors which influence farmer satisfaction...
Topics: Artificial Insemination (AI), Path analysis, farmer satisfaction.
The purpose of this study was to evaluation of several local rice genotypes in the Mandailing Natal Province of North Sumatra. This studay was and has been conducted from April 2017 to October 2017. Data observed in the form of quantitative data and qualitative data of local rice plants. The results showed that rice cultivars were found in various regions in Mandailing Natal District with a high variety of characteristics. Sampling was done by purposive sampling from 23 sub-districts in...
Topics: Local rice plants, Germplasm, Characterization, exploration.
Vegetation in Abuja has been discovered to be on the decrease and there is a dire need for proper monitoring using remote sensing and GIS technology since it has proven to be effective when examining spatio-temporal dynamics of vegetation cover. This research was aimed at assessing the extent and intensity of development in the FCT using Geospatial Techniques as it affects vegetal cover. This was done by utilizing remotely sensed data such as Tamsat rainfall data, Landsat TM, ETM and L8 data,...
Topics: AVHRR, NDVI, GIS, Spatio-Temporal, Remote Sensing.
The species Dipteryxodorata (Aubl.) Willd. – Fabaceae) is distributed in the Amazon and produces noble wood used for different means; moreover, its seeds are used in the perfume and cosmetics industry, and as medication in folk medicine. Luminosity and substrate affect growth and quality before planting when seedlings are produced in plant nursery. Thus, wood particles of Ochromapyramidale (Cav. ex Lamb.) Urban in substrate supplemented with macro- and micronutrients at 0%, 30%, 50% and 70%...
Topics: Plant nursery, Biometry, Shading and Allocation of assimilates
An exploratory survey conducted on invasive alien plant species in Kuttadankole wetlands of Thrissur district, Kerala reveals that 46% of the floral components fall under the invasive category. An invasive plant species-rich habitat exhibits a tendency towards steep degradation.
Topics: Kuttadan, Kole wetlands, Thrissur.